While it has a strong genetic link, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes greatly increases through certain modifiable lifestyle factors. These factors include: high blood pressure, obesity, insufficient physical activity, poor diet and the ‘apple shape’ body (where extra weight is carried around the waist).
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes may not be obvious and can sometimes be misinterpreted as simply ‘old age’.
Quite often, the first sign before diagnosis is a diabetes-related complication such as a heart attack or vision problems.
We highly recommend using this quick & simple assessment tool to assess your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and therefore modifying your lifestyle choices to prevent or at least delay its onset: www1.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/chronic-diab-prev-aus/$File/austool5.pdf
Type 2 diabetes is progressive and needs to be effectively managed to prevent complications. Regular blood glucose monitoring is required. Some people with type 2 diabetes can manage their condition with regular physical activity, healthy eating and loss of excess weight. Others may need tablets and/or insulin injections as well.
In conjunction with your doctor, our Credentialled Diabetes Educators can help you formulate a plan and manage your diabetes. Please contact us to make an appointment.
Managing lifestyle factors can reduce the risk of diabetes-associated complications. Keeping blood glucose levels at optimal levels (as discussed with your doctor or one of our Credentialled Diabetes Educators) is a careful balance.
In type 2 diabetes, your pancreas is still working but not as effectively as it needs to. This means your body is building insulin resistance and is unable to effectively convert glucose into energy, thereby leaving too much glucose in the blood. Lifestyle changes for type 2 diabetes can sometimes initially be managed through:
While type 2 diabetes can be effectively managed, it cannot be cured.