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Our Top Five FAQs

What causes type 1 diabetes?

Unfortunately, there is no clear cause of type 1 diabetes. There is an inherited genetic susceptibility, but no obvious trigger that turns the immune system against itself (leading to the development of type 1 diabetes). At this stage type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. Research continues!

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms can appear suddenly. A doctor can confirm if they are the result of type 1 diabetes through a simple test.

Symptoms include:

  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Dry mouth
  • Itchy skin
  • Increased hunger
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Slow healing wounds
  • Blurred vision
  • Mood swings
  • Headaches
  • Yeast infections

How is type 1 diabetes treated?

People with type 1 diabetes must closely manage their condition every day. This involves testing blood sugar levels several times a day and replacing insulin either by injections (up to 6 times per day) or through use of an insulin pump. While type 1 is not caused by lifestyle factors, lifestyle modifications can reduce the impact of complications such as blindness, kidney disease & limb amputation.

What lifestyle changes are required? 

Managing lifestyle factors can reduce the risk of diabetes-associated complications. Keeping blood glucose levels at optimal levels (as discussed with your doctor or one of our Credentialled Diabetes Educators) is a careful balance between what food is eaten, physical activity and medication. Following a healthy diet and exercise plan is vital as part of a diabetes management plan.

What happens is people with type 1 diabetes don’t receive insulin?

Without insulin, the body burns its own fats as a substitute. This releases chemical substances into the blood. These chemical substances will accumulate and can be life threatening (a condition called ketoacidosis).

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