Within Australia, type 1 diabetes represents 10-15% of all cases of diabetes. It is an auto-immune condition where the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is required by the body to convert sugar into energy.
While it can be diagnosed at any age, type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed early in life (it was formerly known as juvenile diabetes) with normally an abrupt and obvious onset. It can be a life-threatening condition. It is not linked to modifiable lifestyle factors and is controlled by daily insulin injections (or an insulin pump).
More info about type 1 diabetes can be found at: