Gestational diabetes is the fastest-growing type of diabetes in Australia, with 12-14% of pregnant women developing the condition. During pregnancy, hormones make the body less responsive to insulin, which means normal blood glucose levels cannot be maintained.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed using an oral glucose tolerance test, which should be taken by all pregnant women in the 24th week of pregnancy. Women with increased risk factors should be tested earlier. Among other factors, this includes women who are aged over 40, have a family history of type 2 diabetes, are above the healthy weight range, have previously had gestational diabetes or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, or are from an Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background. In the women who develop gestational diabetes, there is an increased of developing type 2 diabetes in later life.
In conjunction with your medical team, our Credentialled Diabetes Educators can help formulate a management plan if diagnosed with gestational diabetes – for both during and after pregnancy. Normally healthy eating and regular physical activity are sufficient, however sometimes medication or insulin injections are required.
More information about gestational diabetes can be found at: